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Keywords: innate immunity
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Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2023) BST20220385.
Published: 06 January 2023
... of antiviral RNAi to immunity at the host level. © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society 2023 innate immunity RNA interference virology RNA interference (RNAi) is an evolutionarily conserved mechanism that regulates translation...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2022) 50 (5): 1341–1352.
Published: 25 October 2022
... into its recruitment, compartmentalisation and activation in cells of the innate immune system. In this review, we summarise the typical activation of ERK1/2 in growth factor receptor pathways before discussing its known roles in immune cell signalling with a focus downstream of TLRs. We examine emerging...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2022) 50 (1): 423–437.
Published: 11 January 2022
... Attribution License 4.0 (CC BY) . cancer defensin host defence peptide infection innate immunity lipid Host defence peptides (HDPs; also referred to as cationic antimicrobial peptides) are key components of the innate immune system across all kingdoms of life [ 1 , 2 ]. Defensins...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2021) 49 (6): 2601–2610.
Published: 02 December 2021
... this effect was lost when using a S Tm strain which bypasses the IECs. The NAIP ligands, flagellin and the T3SS, are required for IEC invasion and are subsequently down-regulated to avoid immune detection. Thus, NAIPs expressed in the IECs, as opposed to the innate immune cells, are vital in the initial...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2021) 49 (5): 2307–2317.
Published: 08 October 2021
.... Studies with the model animal C. elegans have uncovered a range of examples wherein innate immune responses are intimately connected with different homeostatic mechanisms, and can influence reproduction, ageing and neurodegeneration, as well as various other aspects of its biology. Here we provide a short...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2021) 49 (3): 1311–1324.
Published: 01 June 2021
...Georgia Bateman; Benjamin Hill; Ryan Knight; Dave Boucher Innate immune responses are tightly regulated by various pathways to control infections and maintain homeostasis. One of these pathways, the inflammasome pathway, activates a family of cysteine proteases called inflammatory caspases...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2020) 48 (6): 2823–2838.
Published: 06 November 2020
...Palamou Das; Oishee Chakrabarti Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) can initiate an innate immune response when mislocalized in a compartment other than the mitochondrial matrix. mtDNA plays significant roles in regulating mitochondrial dynamics as well as mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPR...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2020) 48 (3): 1213–1225.
Published: 08 June 2020
...Tae Kang Kim; Myung-Shik Lee The importance of innate immunity in host defense and inflammatory responses has been clearly demonstrated after the discovery of innate immune receptors such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs) or Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein (Nod)-like...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2019) 47 (6): 1857–1866.
Published: 17 December 2019
... this classification. Correspondence: Kay Hofmann ( kay.hofmann@uni-koeln.de ) 29 10 2019 27 11 2019 28 11 2019 © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society 2019 host–pathogen interactions innate immunity Legionella protease...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2019) 47 (6): 1569–1579.
Published: 14 November 2019
...Mariano Prado Acosta; Bernd Lepenies Bacterial surfaces are rich in glycoconjugates that are mainly present in their outer layers and are of great importance for their interaction with the host innate immune system. The innate immune system is the first barrier against infection and recognizes...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2018) 46 (1): 141–151.
Published: 19 January 2018
...@manchester.ac.uk ) 17 10 2017 17 11 2017 23 11 2017 © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society 2018 chitinase-like proteins host–pathogen interactions innate immunity tissue remodelling Glycoside hydrolase family 18 (GH18...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2017) 45 (4): 929–935.
Published: 16 June 2017
... of type I interferon induction in STING [ 34 ]. TICAM-1 constitutes a major pathway for type I interferon induction downstream from TLR3 and TLR4. References 1 Brubaker , S.W. , Bonham , K.S. , Zanoni , I. and Kagan , J.C. ( 2015 ) Innate immune pattern recognition: a cell...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2015) 43 (5): 1116–1121.
Published: 09 October 2015
... of biological processes ranging from cell proliferation to metabolism, immunity, inflammation and carcinogenesis. Innate immune system plays a pivotal role during the regulation of reproductive processes that allows successful creation of an offspring. Its involvement initiates from fertilization of the oocyte...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2015) 43 (4): 752–757.
Published: 03 August 2015
... activation. 1 To whom correspondence should be addressed (email i.torra@ucl.ac.uk ) . 12 5 2015 © 2015 Authors; published by Portland Press Limited 2015 adaptive immunity cholesterol gene regulation innate immunity lipid rafts liver X receptors (LXRs) Liver X...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2014) 42 (4): 1159–1167.
Published: 11 August 2014
... as self RNA and to suppress activation of innate immune sensors that detect viral dsRNA. 1 Dedicated to the memory of Walter Gehring. 2 To whom correspondence should be addressed (email Liam.Keegan@igmm.ed.ac.uk ). 3 6 2014 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2014...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2014) 42 (1): 11–24.
Published: 23 January 2014
... the innate immune response by negatively regulating TLR signalling and/or promoting the secretion of anti-inflammatory cytokines. I present my discoveries on the key roles of the IKK (inhibitor of nuclear factor κB kinase)-related kinases and the SIKs (salt-inducible kinases) in limiting innate immunity...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2013) 41 (2): 687–693.
Published: 21 March 2013
... ). 7 12 2012 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2013 Biochemical Society 2013 AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) cancer inflammation innate immunity metabolism AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase) is a highly conserved sensor of cellular energy status that exists in the form...
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Biochem Soc Trans (2013) 41 (1): 252–257.
Published: 29 January 2013
.... 1 These authors contributed equally to this paper. 2 To whom correspondence should be addressed (email marcel.ivan.ramirez@gmail.com ). 29 8 2012 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2013 Biochemical Society 2013 exosome innate immunity microvesicle parasite–host...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2011) 39 (4): 989–993.
Published: 20 July 2011
... help in further elucidating the mechanism of LBP and its role in innate immunity and disease. 1 email ralf.schumann@charite.de 31 3 2011 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2011 Biochemical Society 2011 acute-phase protein endotoxin recognition innate immunity...
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Biochem Soc Trans (2011) 39 (4): 1012–1016.
Published: 20 July 2011
... with the innate immune defence molecules BPI (bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein) and LBP (lipopolysaccharide-binding protein), it has been difficult to define the functions of PLUNC. Based on its marked hydrophobicity and expression pattern, we hypothesized that PLUNC is an airway surfactant. We found...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2011) 39 (4): 1057–1060.
Published: 20 July 2011
... adaptive immunity animal model gastrointestinal tract inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) innate immunity microflora pathogenicity The IBDs (inflammatory bowel diseases) are mainly represented by UC (ulcerative colitis) and Crohn's disease, but also have peripheral interactions with other...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2011) 39 (2): 669–673.
Published: 22 March 2011
...Aisling Dunne The recognition of pathogen-derived molecules by the innate immune system is mediated by a number of receptors, including members of the TLR (Toll-like receptor), RLH [RIG (retinoic acid-inducible gene)-like helicase] and the NLR (NOD-like receptor) families. NLRs in particular...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2009) 37 (4): 811–813.
Published: 22 July 2009
...Tracy Hussell; Mary M. Cavanagh The activity of innate immunity is not simply dictated by the presence of an antigen but also by the balance between negative regulatory and immune potentiator pathways. Even in the absence of antigen, innate immunity can ‘inflame’ if negative regulators are absent...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (6): 1487–1490.
Published: 19 November 2008
...Kazue Takahashi MBL (mannose-binding lectin) is a pattern recognition molecule and a component of innate immunity, the first line of the host defence system against foreign bodies and pathogens. MBL deficiency is common in humans and has been associated with immunodeficiency. We have generated...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (6): 1457–1460.
Published: 19 November 2008
... friend and scientific associate for nearly 50 years, on the occasion of her 85th birthday, 8 August 2008. 2 email nathan.sharon@weizmann.ac.il 12 5 2008 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2008 Biochemical Society 2008 cancer carbohydrate innate immunity lectin protein...
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Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (6): 1461–1466.
Published: 19 November 2008
... of human MBL2 genetics. 1 email garred@post5.tele.dk 21 8 2008 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2008 Biochemical Society 2008 innate immunity mannose-binding lectin (MBL) mannan-binding lectin MBL1P1 opsonin pseudogene In recent years, there has been an emerging...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2007) 35 (6): 1445–1448.
Published: 23 November 2007
...R.I. Tapping; K.O. Omueti; C.M. Johnson Infectious disease is a formidable selective force in Nature as is evident from the complexity of immune systems across multicellular species. TLRs (Toll-like receptors) constitute central pattern-recognition molecules of the innate immune system that sense...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2007) 35 (6): 1479–1484.
Published: 23 November 2007
... pathways in response to bacteria by inducing signalling pathways such as NF-κB (nuclear factor κB) and MAPKs (mitogen-activated protein kinases). The Nod proteins act independently of the TLR (Toll-like receptor) cascade, but potently synergize with the latter to trigger innate immune responses to microbes...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2006) 34 (2): 276–278.
Published: 20 March 2006
...P.S. Hiemstra Innate immunity provides an effective first line of defence against infections. This is of particular importance in the lung, an organ that is exposed to a large number of pathogens that are inhaled. Antimicrobial peptides play an important role in the defence against these pathogens...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2006) 34 (2): 263–266.
Published: 20 March 2006
...C.L. Bevins Antimicrobial peptides are fundamental effector molecules of innate immunity, utilized in host defence by virtually all organisms studied. These gene-encoded peptides have direct antibiotic activity against a wide range of bacteria and other microbes. In humans and other mammals...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2006) 34 (2): 267–269.
Published: 20 March 2006
...- and K unitz domain-containing protein (AWAK protein) AWAP IV innate immunity whey acidic protein domain (WAP domain) The innate immune system of higher eukaryotes provides the first line of defence against pathogenic invasion of the host, and includes the synthesis of small (1–10 kDa...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2003) 31 (4): 801–805.
Published: 01 August 2003
... and Airway Epithelia a meeting held at Holiday Inn, Ventura, California, U.S.A., 7 February 2003 7 February 2003 © 2003 Biochemical Society 2003 bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI) innate immunity parotid secretory protein (PSP) palate lung and nasal epithelium clone...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2003) 31 (4): 776.
Published: 01 August 2003
... Applications of Mannan-Binding Lectin a Biochemical Society Focused Meeting held at Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, 20 March 2003 20 March 2003 © 2003 Biochemical Society 2003 collectin innate immunity mannan-binding lectin (MBL) MBL therapy Abbreviation used: MBL...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2003) 31 (4): 745–747.
Published: 01 August 2003
... into the bloodstream. It is believed to be an important component of innate immunity, acting as an ante-antibody and/or as a disease modifier. It is thought to influence disorders as diverse as meningococcal disease, rheumatoid arthritis, cystic fibrosis and recurrent miscarriage. Lack of MBL may be most relevant...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2003) 31 (4): 806–809.
Published: 01 August 2003
....) and the long (LPLUNC1, 2, 3 etc.) proteins. Short proteins have identity only with the N-terminal domain of BPI, whereas long proteins have identity with both the N- and C-terminal Key words: bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI), gene expression, gene structure, host defence, innate immunity...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2003) 31 (4): 763–767.
Published: 01 August 2003
...J.C. Jensenius; P.H. Jensen; K. McGuire; J.L. Larsen; S. Thiel Mannan-binding lectin (MBL) is a plasma protein involved in the innate immune response. It binds to a number of micro-organisms and promotes killing of these through complement activation either directly or through opsonization...
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Biochem Soc Trans (2003) 31 (3): 648–651.
Published: 01 June 2003
... Society Focused Meeting held at Novartis, Horsham, 3 February 2003 20 January 2003 © 2003 Biochemical Society 2003 bacterial infection fruit fly innate immunity signal transduction Abbreviations used: PRR, pattern recognition receptor; TLR, Toll-like receptor; LPS...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2002) 30 (6): 971–978.
Published: 01 November 2002
... complement regulation Factor H protein family haemolytic uraemic syndrome immunevasion innate immunity microbial evasion strategy CRASP, complement regulatory-acquiring surface protein FHL-1, Factor H-like protein FHR, Factor H-related protein HUS, haemolytic uraemic syndrome RCA, regulator...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2002) 30 (6): 983–987.
Published: 01 November 2002
... of Colorado Health Sciences Center, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, Denver, CO 80262, U.S.A. (e-mail michael.holers@uchsc.edu ) © 2002 Biochemical Society 2002 B-lymphocyte co-crystal structure complement control protein innate immunity CR, complement receptor EBV, Epstein-Barr virus FDC...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2002) 30 (6): 1001–1006.
Published: 01 November 2002
...G. J. Arlaud; C. Gaboriaud; N. M. Thielens; V. Rossi The classical complement pathway is a major element of innate immunity against infection, and is also involved in immune tolerance, graft rejection and various pathologies. This pathway is triggered by C1, a multimolecular protease formed from...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2001) 29 (6): 853–859.
Published: 01 November 2001
...: it is often called the ‘septic syndrome’. Our current understanding of the innate immune system is deeply rooted in the study of sepsis. The chain of events linking infection to tissue injury and cardiovascular collapse is not obvious, and affirmation of the concept required three major discoveries. First...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2001) 29 (4): 598–601.
Published: 01 August 2001
... for innate immunity. Many of these peptides form amphipathic secondary structures (α-helices and β-sheets) which can selectively interact with anionic bacterial membranes by electrostatic interaction. Rapid, peptide-induced membrane permeabilization is an effective mechanism of anti-microbial action...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2000) 28 (5): 545–550.
Published: 01 October 2000
...R. B. Sim; A. Laich The complement system in blood plasma is a major mediator of innate immune defence. The function of complement is to recognize, then opsonize or lyse, particulate materials, including bacteria, yeasts and other microrganisms, host cell debris and altered host cells. Recognition...