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Keywords: autophagy
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Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2024) BST20230316.
Published: 15 March 2024
... neurotransmitter production and maintaining redox homeostasis. This cellular homeostasis is upheld through a delicate interplay between mRNA transcription-translation and protein degradative pathways, such as autophagy and proteasome degradation. When faced with cues such as nutrient stress, neurons must adapt...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2023) 51 (3): 1111–1119.
Published: 12 May 2023
... of a cell changes in cell proliferation, differentiation, and stress conditions. Here, we review the emerging theme of regulation of 3′UTR isoforms in cell metabolic reprogramming, focusing on cell growth and autophagy responses through the mTOR pathway. We discuss regulatory events that converge...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2023) 51 (2): 811–826.
Published: 13 April 2023
...Sharon Tran; Juliani Juliani; W. Douglas Fairlie; Erinna F. Lee Landmark genome-wide association studies (GWAS) identified that mutations in autophagy genes correlated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a heterogenous disease characterised by prolonged inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2022) 50 (5): 1457–1469.
Published: 05 October 2022
..., selective autophagy, cell cycle regulation, and DNA damage signaling [ 1 ]. We recommend several excellent reviews that discuss these well-established functions [ 1–4 ]. autophagy neurodegeneration organelles protein quality control ubiquitin Correspondence: Malavika Raman...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2022) 50 (5): 1489–1503.
Published: 16 September 2022
.... This pathomechanism may be directly related to mutations in genes encoding proteins involved in the protein quality control system, particularly the autophagy-lysosomal pathway (ALP). Alternatively, proteostasis alteration can be caused by aberrant proteins that tend to misfold and to aggregate, two related processes...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2022) 50 (1): 621–632.
Published: 28 February 2022
... and represent key events in the development and progression of the pathology. The present minireview covers recent articles (2018–2021) investigating the role of LRRK2 and LRRK2 mutants in the regulation of synaptic activity and autophagy-lysosomal pathway. These articles confirm a perturbation of synaptic...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2022) 50 (1): 47–54.
Published: 15 February 2022
...Shuhei Nakamura; Shiori Akayama; Tamotsu Yoshimori Autophagy is an evolutionally conserved cytoplasmic degradation pathway in which the double membrane structure, autophagosome sequesters cytoplasmic material and delivers them to lysosomes for degradation. Many autophagy related (ATG) proteins...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2022) 50 (1): 55–69.
Published: 25 January 2022
...Yan Hu; Fulvio Reggiori Macroautophagy, hereafter autophagy, is a degradative process conserved among eukaryotes, which is essential to maintain cellular homeostasis. Defects in autophagy lead to numerous human diseases, including various types of cancer and neurodegenerative disorders...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2021) 49 (5): 2199–2210.
Published: 19 October 2021
...Nicholas T. Ktistakis The pathway of mitochondrial-specific autophagy (mitophagy, defined here as the specific elimination of mitochondria following distinct mitochondrial injuries or developmental/metabolic alterations) is important in health and disease. This review will be focussed...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2021) 49 (2): 551–562.
Published: 26 March 2021
... in this disease. In recent years, defective mitochondrial elimination through autophagy, termed mitophagy, has emerged as a potential contributing factor to disease pathology. PINK1 and Parkin, two proteins mutated in familial PD, were found to eliminate mitochondria under distinct mitochondrial depolarisation...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2020) 48 (5): 2003–2014.
Published: 08 September 2020
...Jahangir Md. Alam; Nobuo N. Noda Autophagy is a lysosomal degradation system that involves de novo autophagosome formation. A lot of factors are involved in autophagosome formation, including dozens of Atg proteins that form supramolecular complexes, membrane structures including vesicles...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2020) 48 (4): 1599–1607.
Published: 14 July 2020
...Syn Kok Yeo; Chenran Wang; Jun-Lin Guan FIP200 (RB1CC1) is a critical regulator of canonical macroautophagy and has also emerged as a crucial regulator of selective autophagy as well as inflammatory processes. The illumination of FIP200's role in autophagy at the molecular level has been...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2019) 47 (4): 1173–1185.
Published: 05 August 2019
... functions including a central role as a metabolic signaling hub that integrates nutrient sensing and metabolic adaptation, termination of growth factor receptor signaling [ 1 ], protein and organellar quality control by serving as the degradative endpoint of the autophagy pathway, transport of sterols...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2018) 46 (4): 877–889.
Published: 19 July 2018
... and/or triggering of NPC quality control mechanisms can lead to herniations in budding yeast, which are remarkably similar to those observed in human disease models of early-onset dystonia. By also examining the provenance of nuclear envelope herniations associated with emerging nuclear autophagy and nuclear egress...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2018) 46 (1): 97–110.
Published: 05 January 2018
...Kevin C. Yang; Paalini Sathiyaseelan; Cally Ho; Sharon M. Gorski Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved lysosome-mediated degradation and recycling process, which functions in cellular homeostasis and stress adaptation. The process is highly dynamic and involves autophagosome synthesis, cargo...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2017) 45 (6): 1323–1331.
Published: 17 November 2017
... by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society and distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CC BY-NC-ND) . autophagy endoplasmic reticulum trafficking The discovery of the omegasome was a major breakthrough in autophagy research with respect...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2017) 45 (1): 155–162.
Published: 15 February 2017
..., therefore, controlling a plethora of diverse functions based on the different complexes formed. Among these, I will then focus on macroautophagy in the general context of the endolysosomal system. First, the relevance of autophagy in Parkinson's disease will be evaluated giving a brief overview of all...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2016) 44 (6): 1603–1610.
Published: 02 December 2016
..., and several recent studies have suggested that the Rab family of small GTPases might be important in controlling the recruitment of LRRK2 to specific cellular compartments. Once localized to membranes, LRRK2 then influences downstream events, evidenced by changes in the autophagy–lysosome pathway. Here, I...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2016) 44 (2): 431–440.
Published: 11 April 2016
... homoeostasis imbalance, the dynamics of peroxisomes have been widely examined. The increasing volume of reports demonstrating significant involvement of the autophagy machinery in peroxisome removal leads us to summarize current knowledge of peroxisome degradation in mammalian cells. In this review we present...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2016) 44 (2): 541–545.
Published: 11 April 2016
... on evolutionarily conserved pathways. * To whom correspondence should be addressed (email ahagai@agri.huji.ac.il ). 25 1 2016 © 2016 Authors; published by Portland Press Limited 2016 autophagy degradation mitochondria stress response Although mitochondria sport a wide spectrum...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2015) 43 (5): 1122–1126.
Published: 09 October 2015
... therapeutic agents derived from marijuana [ 5 ]) exert their anti-cancer actions). In addition, TRIB3 genetic inactivation enhances cancer generation and progression in several animal models of cancer. animal models of cancer autophagy cannabinoids endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress tribbles...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2015) 43 (4): 543–552.
Published: 03 August 2015
... autophagy. This review focuses on the current understanding of this pathway and focuses on the interplay with reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC), to which TSPO binds, in the regulation of cell mitophagy and hence homoeostasis of the mitochondrial network as a whole...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2015) 43 (3): 476–481.
Published: 01 June 2015
... junctions (GJ). Cardiomyocytes are the major cell population in the heart, and as cells with low mitotic activity, are highly dependent upon mechanisms of protein degradation. In the heart, both the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) and autophagy participate in the fine-tune regulation of cardiac...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2015) 43 (3): 471–475.
Published: 01 June 2015
... autophagy connexin 43 endocytosis gap junction ubiquitin Gap junctions (GJs) are intercellular channels, formed by six subunits of a transmembrane protein called connexin (Cx) that mediate the direct communication between the cytoplasm of adjacent cells. Gap junction intercellular communication...
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Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2015) 43 (2): 229–234.
Published: 07 April 2015
... survival, differentiation and now autophagy. Herein, we describe how myristoylation may play a role in autophagy with an emphasis on PTMyr. 1 To whom correspondence should be addressed (email dalem@cmmt.ubc.ca ). 16 10 2014 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2015 Biochemical Society...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2014) 42 (5): 1389–1395.
Published: 18 September 2014
... gaps in our knowledge that need additional work. autophagy mammalian (or mechanistic) target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PI3P) phosphoinositide Unc-51-like kinase (ULK) complex vacuolar protein sorting 34 (VPS34) complex I Autophagy is conserved...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2014) 42 (5): 1327–1334.
Published: 18 September 2014
...Michael I. Wilson; Hannah C. Dooley; Sharon A. Tooze The double-membraned autophagosome organelle is an integral part of autophagy, a process that recycles cellular components by non-selectively engulfing and delivering them to lysosomes where they are digested. Release of metabolites from...
Includes: Supplementary data
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2014) 42 (5): 1414–1417.
Published: 18 September 2014
...Simon G. Pfisterer; Daniela Bakula; Alice Cezanne; Horst Robenek; Tassula Proikas-Cezanne Macroautophagy (autophagy hereafter) is an evolutionarily highly conserved catabolic process activated by eukaryotes in order to counteract cellular starvation. Autophagy leads to bulk degradation...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2013) 41 (6): 1503–1508.
Published: 20 November 2013
... (α-synuclein) multiplication and idiopathic PD. In some cases, isogenic control lines have been created to minimize inherent variability between lines from different individuals. Disruptions in autophagy, mitochondrial function and dopamine biology at the synapse have been described. Future...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2013) 41 (6): 1598–1604.
Published: 20 November 2013
.... When we compared the potential mutSOD1 toxicity in motoneuron (NSC34) and muscle (C2C12) cells, we found that muscle ALS models possess much higher chymotryptic proteasome activity and autophagy power than motoneuron ALS models. As a result, mutSOD1 molecular behaviour was found to be very different...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2013) 41 (6): 1483–1488.
Published: 20 November 2013
... and that their failure to function properly contributes to pathogenesis and disease progression. In the present mini-review, we describe this dual role as ‘saviour’ and ‘victim’ in the context of neurodegeneration for chaperone-mediated autophagy, a cellular pathway involved in the selective degradation of cytosolic...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2013) 41 (6): 1489–1494.
Published: 20 November 2013
...Xiaoting Wu; Hyeran Won; David C. Rubinsztein Autophagy is a highly conserved cytoplasmic degradation pathway that has an impact on many physiological and disease states, including immunity, tumorigenesis and neurodegeneration. Recent studies suggest that autophagy may also have important functions...
Articles
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2013) 41 (4): 962–967.
Published: 18 July 2013
...Daniela Bakula; Zsuzsanna Takacs; Tassula Proikas-Cezanne Autophagy is a catabolic pathway in which the cell sequesters cytoplasmic material, including long-lived proteins, lipids and organelles, in specialized double-membrane vesicles, called autophagosomes. Subsequently, autophagosomes...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2013) 41 (4): 939–943.
Published: 18 July 2013
... of the cell and appropriately dictates whether the cell will actively favour energy- and amino-acid-consuming anabolic processes such as cellular growth, or energy- and amino-acid-generating catabolic processes such as autophagy. The present review discusses important feedback mechanisms between these three...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2012) 40 (6): 1368–1372.
Published: 21 November 2012
... to develop a compound that would modulate selectively the activity of the disease-causing Rab7 mutant proteins and not of the wild-type. autophagy Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease endocytosis peripheral neuropathy Rab7 Rab7a Figure 2 Altered autophagy process in neurodegenerative diseases...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2012) 40 (5): 1042–1046.
Published: 19 September 2012
... as well as impaired dopamine D 2 receptor-mediated functions. Whereas LRRK2 −/− brains are normal, LRRK2 −/− kidneys at 20 months of age develop striking accumulation and aggregation of α-synuclein and ubiquitinated proteins, impairment of the autophagy–lysosomal pathway, and increases in apoptotic cell...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2012) 40 (5): 1129–1133.
Published: 19 September 2012
... of autophagy regulation. Autophagy is an intracellular catabolic mechanism whereby a cell recycles or degrades damaged proteins and cytoplasmic organelles. In the present paper, we discuss the role of LRRK2 in autophagy, and the importance of this relationship in the development of nigral degeneration in PD...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2012) 40 (5): 1070–1073.
Published: 19 September 2012
... is needed to understand them in more depth. © The Authors Journal compilation © 2012 Biochemical Society 2012 autophagy cell death inclusion body leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) neurite Parkinson's disease The identification of dominant mutations in LRRK2 (leucine-rich repeat...
Articles
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2012) 40 (5): 1147–1151.
Published: 19 September 2012
... LRRK2 and autophagy. Implications of this set of data for our understanding of LRRK2′s role in physiology and disease are discussed in the present paper. In conclusion, there is strong evidence that the autophagy process is altered in LRRK2 PD models, but, at the moment, we do not know in which...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2012) 40 (5): 1080–1085.
Published: 19 September 2012
... correspondence should be addressed (email javier.alegre@dpag.ox.ac.uk ). 25 6 2012 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2012 Biochemical Society 2012 autophagy cytoskeleton dopamine leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) Parkinson's disease tau Mutations in the LRRK2 (leucine-rich...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2012) 40 (4): 656–660.
Published: 20 July 2012
... for treatment of various tauopathies. In the present paper, we summarize data regarding characterization of MSUT2 (mammalian suppressor of tau pathology 2), a protein identified in a C. elegans tauopathy model and subsequently shown to modify tau toxicity in mammalian cell culture via the effects on autophagy...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2012) 40 (4): 644–652.
Published: 20 July 2012
... on the UPS (ubiquitin–proteasome system) and the ALS (autophagy–lysosome system). In the present paper, we focus on the regulation of the degradation of tau by the UPS and ALS and its relation to tau aggregation. We anticipate that stimulation of these two protein-degradation systems might be a potential...
Articles
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2011) 39 (5): 1514–1519.
Published: 21 September 2011
...Matthias Müller; Andreas S. Reichert Autophagy is a fundamental cellular process promoting survival under various environmental stress conditions. Selective types of autophagy have gained much interest recently as they are involved in specific quality control mechanisms removing, for example...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2011) 39 (5): 1466–1470.
Published: 21 September 2011
...Belém Sampaio-Marques; Carolina Felgueiras; Alexandra Silva; Fernando Rodrigues; Paula Ludovico Autophagy, a highly conserved proteolytic mechanism of quality control, is essential for the maintenance of metabolic and cellular homoeostasis and for an efficient cellular response to stress. Autophagy...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2011) 39 (4): 1067–1072.
Published: 20 July 2011
... 2011 Biochemical Society 2011 autophagy Crohn's disease dysbiosis microbiota ulcerative colitis UC (ulcerative colitis) and Crohn's disease are the two predominant phenotypes of IBD (inflammatory bowel disease). Crohn's disease can cause transmural inflammation, affect any part...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2011) 39 (2): 460–465.
Published: 22 March 2011
... with a pharmacological inhibitor of the TOR pathway, rapamycin, can replicate those findings and improve aging in a variety of model organisms. The proposed underlying anti-aging mechanisms are down-regulated translation, increased autophagy, altered metabolism and increased stress resistance. 1 Correspondence...