Inorganic polyphosphate (polyP) is widely recognized for playing important roles and processes involved in energy and phosphate storage, regulation of gene expression, and calcium signaling. The less well-known role of polyP is as a direct mediator of ion transport across biological membranes. Here, we will briefly summarize current knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of how polyP can be involved in membrane ion transport. We discuss three types of mechanisms that might involve polyP: (1) formation of non-protein channel complex that includes calcium, polyP, and polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB); (2) modulation of the channel activity of PHBlated protein channels; and (3) direct effects of polyP on the function of the voltage-gated ion channels in the process that do not involve PHB.

You do not currently have access to this content.