We propose a hierarchical modelling approach to construct models for disease states at the whole-body level. Such models can simulate effects of drug-induced inhibition of reaction steps on the whole-body physiology. We illustrate the approach for glucose metabolism in malaria patients, by merging two detailed kinetic models for glucose metabolism in the parasite Plasmodium falciparum and the human red blood cell with a coarse-grained model for whole-body glucose metabolism. In addition we use a genome-scale metabolic model for the parasite to predict amino acid production profiles by the malaria parasite that can be used as a complex biomarker.
Quantitative analysis of drug effects at the whole-body level: a case study for glucose metabolism in malaria patients
Jacky L. Snoep, Kathleen Green, Johann Eicher, Daniel C. Palm, Gerald Penkler, Francois du Toit, Nicolas Walters, Robert Burger, Hans V. Westerhoff, David D. van Niekerk; Quantitative analysis of drug effects at the whole-body level: a case study for glucose metabolism in malaria patients. Biochem Soc Trans 1 December 2015; 43 (6): 1157–1163. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/BST20150145
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