Cross-talk between cAMP and Ca2+ signalling pathways plays a critical role in cellular homoeostasis. Several AC (adenylate cyclase) isoforms, catalysing the production of cAMP from ATP, display sensitivity to submicromolar changes in intracellular Ca2+ and, as a consequence, are key sites for Ca2+ and cAMP interplay. Interestingly, these Ca2+-regulated ACs are not equally responsive to equivalent Ca2+ rises within the cell, but display a remarkable selectivity for regulation by SOCE (store-operated Ca2+ entry). Over the years, considerable efforts at investigating this phenomenon have provided indirect evidence of an intimate association between Ca2+-sensitive AC isoforms and sites of SOCE. Now, recent identification of the molecular components of SOCE [namely STIM1 (stromal interaction molecule 1) and Orai1], coupled with significant advances in the generation of high-resolution targeted biosensors for Ca2+ and cAMP, have provided the first detailed insight into the organization of the cellular microdomains associated with Ca2+-regulated ACs. In the present review, I summarize the findings that have helped to provide our most definitive understanding of the selective regulation of cAMP signalling by SOCE.

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