Eukaryotic cells have developed a series of highly controlled processes of transport between the nucleus and cytoplasm. The present review focuses on the latest advances in our understanding of nucleocytoplasmic exchange of molecules in yeast, a widely studied model organism in the field. It concentrates on the role of individual proteins such as nucleoporins and karyopherins in the translocation process and relates this to how the organization of the nuclear pore complex effectively facilitates the bidirectional transport between the two compartments.

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