LQTS (long QT syndrome) is an important cause of cardiac sudden death. LQTS is characterized by a prolongation of the QT interval on an electrocardiogram. This prolongation predisposes the individual to torsade-de-pointes and subsequent sudden death by ventricular fibrillation. Mutations in a number of genes that encode ion channels have been implicated in LQTS. Hereditary mutations in the α- and β-subunits, KCNQ1 and KCNE1 respectively, of the K+ channel pore IKs are the commonest cause of LQTS and account for LQTS types 1 and 5 respectively (LQT1 and LQT5). Recently, it has been shown that disease pathogenesis in LQT1 can be influenced by the abnormal trafficking of KCNQ1. In comparison, whether defective trafficking of KCNE1 plays a role in LQT5 is less well established.

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