S1P (sphingosine 1-phosphate) is the ligand for a family of specific G-protein-coupled receptors that regulate a wide variety of important cellular functions, including vascular maturation, angiogenesis, cell growth, survival, cytoskeletal rearrangements and cell motility. However, S1P also may have intracellular functions. In this review, we discuss two examples that clearly indicate that intracellularly generated and exogenous S1P can regulate biological processes by divergent pathways.

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