CerK (ceramide kinase) produces ceramide 1-phosphate, a sphingophospholipid with recognized signalling properties. It localizes to the Golgi complex and fractionates essentially between detergent-soluble and -insoluble fractions; however, the determinants are unknown. Here, we made a detailed mutagenesis study of the N-terminal PH domain (pleckstrin homology domain) of CerK, based on modelling, and identified key positively charged amino acid residues within an unusual motif in the loop interconnecting β-strands 6 and 7. These residues are critical for CerK membrane association and polyphosphoinositide binding and activity. Their mutagenesis results in increased thermolability, sensitivity to proteolysis, reduced apparent molecular mass as well as propensity of the recombinant mutant protein to aggregate, indicating that this loop impacts the overall conformation of the CerK protein. This is in contrast with most PH domains whose function strongly relies on charges located in the β1–β2 loop.
A critical β6–β7 loop in the pleckstrin homology domain of ceramide kinase
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Philipp Rovina, Markus Jaritz, Siegfried Höfinger, Christine Graf, Piroska Dévay, Andreas Billich, Thomas Baumruker, Frédéric Bornancin; A critical β6–β7 loop in the pleckstrin homology domain of ceramide kinase. Biochem J 1 December 2006; 400 (2): 255–265. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20060316
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